Published on: 01/06/20
Turning the tide
This report first provides insight into the legal situation around the obligatory removal of structures and substrates placed in the North Sea through a law analysis. Subsequently, a stakeholder analysis assesses the perspectives of stakeholders on (permanent) artificial reefs. Third, the benefits of oyster reefs on the ecosystem are reviewed. Eventually, a multi-criteria analysis evaluates alternative reef materials. The analysis contributes to answering the research question in which ways artificial reef-building substrates can remain permanently on the seafloor of OWFs.